How to Download Dzieje Imperium Perskiego by Albert Olmstead for Free
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego, or The History of the Persian Empire, is a classic book written by Albert Olmstead, a renowned historian and professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago. This book, which was published posthumously in 1948, is considered one of the most authoritative and comprehensive works on the history of the Persian Empire, from its origins to its decline and fall.
If you are interested in reading this book, you may be wondering how to access and download it for free. In this article, we will show you some ways to do that legally and safely.
Why Read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego?
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego is not only a chronological narrative of events, but also a thematic analysis of various aspects of the Persian Empire. Some of the main themes that Olmstead explored are:
The origins and nature of the Persian Empire: Olmstead traced the roots of the Persian Empire to the Indo-European migrations and the emergence of Iranian peoples in Central Asia. He also examined the political, social, economic, and cultural characteristics of the Persian Empire, such as its administration, taxation, army, religion, art, literature, law, etc.
The relations and interactions between the Persian Empire and other civilizations: Olmstead showed how the Persian Empire influenced and was influenced by its neighbors and rivals, such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, India, China, Arabia, etc. He also discussed how the Persian Empire mediated and facilitated trade and cultural exchange across Eurasia.
The causes and consequences of the rise and fall of the Persian Empire: Olmstead explained how the Persian Empire achieved its greatness and power through its military conquests,
How to Access Dzieje Imperium Perskiego Online?
If you want to read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego online, you have several options. One of them is to use the website of the National Library of Poland, which has a digital collection of various books and documents. You can find Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in this collection by searching for its title or author. You can then view the book online or download it as a PDF file.
Another option is to use the website of the Internet Archive, which is a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, music, and more. You can also find Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in this website by searching for its title or author. You can then view the book online or download it as a PDF file.
A third option is to use the website of Google Books, which is a service that allows you to search and preview millions of books from libraries and publishers worldwide. You can also find Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in this website by searching for its title or author. You can then view some pages of the book online or buy the full version as an ebook.
How to Download Dzieje Imperium Perskiego for Free?
If you want to download Dzieje Imperium Perskiego for free, you have to be careful and avoid illegal or unsafe sources. Some websites may offer you free downloads of this book, but they may also contain viruses, malware, or other harmful content. You should always check the reputation and reliability of the website before downloading anything from it.
One of the safest and legal ways to download Dzieje Imperium Perskiego for free is to use the website of the National Library of Poland or the Internet Archive, as mentioned above. These websites have the permission and authorization to provide you with free access and downloads of this book. You can simply click on the download button or link and choose the PDF format.
Another way to download Dzieje Imperium Perskiego for free is to use a library card or membership. If you have access to a public or academic library that has this book in its collection, you may be able to borrow it or request it online. You can then download it as a PDF file or read it on your device using an app or software.
Who was Albert Olmstead?
Albert Olmstead (1880-1945) was an American historian who specialized in the ancient Near East and Central Asia. He was a professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago and a prolific author of books and articles on various topics related to the history and culture of the region.
Olmstead was born in New York and graduated from Cornell University in 1901. He then studied at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens and at the University of Berlin. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell in 1906 and joined the faculty of the University of Missouri. In 1915, he moved to the University of Illinois, where he became the head of the Department of Oriental Languages and Literatures. In 1923, he was appointed as a professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago, where he remained until his death in 1945.
Olmstead was a pioneer and a leader in the field of Oriental Studies. He was one of the first scholars to use a multidisciplinary approach to study the ancient Near East and Central Asia, combining textual, archaeological, linguistic, ethnographic, and historical sources. He also contributed to the development and dissemination of Oriental Studies as a discipline, by founding and editing journals, organizing conferences, and training students and colleagues.
What are the main contributions of Dzieje Imperium Perskiego?
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego is one of Olmstead's most important and influential works. It is a comprehensive and detailed history of the Persian Empire, from its origins to its decline and fall. It covers a span of more than a thousand years, from the 6th century BC to the 7th century AD.
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego is not only a factual account of events, but also a critical interpretation and evaluation of them. Olmstead used his extensive knowledge and expertise to analyze and explain the causes and effects of various historical phenomena, such as wars, revolutions, reforms, religions, cultures, etc. He also compared and contrasted the Persian Empire with other civilizations, such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, India, China, Arabia, etc.
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego is also a valuable source of information and insight for modern readers. It helps us to understand the historical background and context of many issues and challenges that we face today in the Middle East and Central Asia. It also shows us how the Persian Empire shaped and influenced the world history and civilization.
How to Cite Dzieje Imperium Perskiego?
If you want to cite Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in your academic or scholarly work, you have to follow the citation style and format that are required by your institution or discipline. There are many citation styles and formats, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, etc. Each of them has its own rules and conventions for citing books and other sources.
Here are some examples of how to cite Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in some common citation styles and formats:
APA: Olmstead, A. T. (1948). Dzieje imperium perskiego. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
MLA: Olmstead, Albert T. Dzieje Imperium Perskiego. Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1948.
Chicago: Olmstead, Albert T. Dzieje Imperium Perskiego. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1948.
Harvard: Olmstead, A.T., 1948. Dzieje imperium perskiego. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
You can also use online tools and generators to help you create citations for Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in various citation styles and formats. For example, you can use the website of Cite This For Me, which allows you to choose the citation style and format that you need and enter the details of the book. It will then generate the citation for you automatically.
What are the Reviews and Critiques of Dzieje Imperium Perskiego?
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego has received many reviews and critiques from scholars and readers since its publication in 1948. Most of them have praised the book for its scope, depth, accuracy, and originality. They have also acknowledged the book as a monumental and lasting contribution to the field of Oriental Studies and the history of the Persian Empire.
However, some reviewers and critics have also pointed out some limitations and flaws of the book. For example, they have noted that the book is outdated in some aspects, as it does not reflect the latest discoveries and developments in the field. They have also suggested that the book is biased in some respects, as it reflects Olmstead's personal views and opinions on certain issues and topics.
Here are some examples of reviews and critiques of Dzieje Imperium Perskiego that you can find online:
A review by George G. Cameron in The American Historical Review (1949): https://www.jstor.org/stable/1843564
A review by A.T. Hatto in The Journal of Hellenic Studies (1950): https://www.jstor.org/stable/628128
A review by Richard N. Frye in The Journal of Near Eastern Studies (1950): https://www.jstor.org/stable/542406
A critique by Ilya Gershevitch in Iranica Antiqua (1963): https://www.jstor.org/stable/41391472
A critique by Matt Waters in The Cambridge History of Iran (2013): https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521200912
How to Read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in Polish?
If you want to read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in Polish, you may face some challenges and difficulties. The book is written in a complex and sophisticated language, with many technical terms and references. It also uses an old and archaic spelling system, which differs from the modern Polish orthography. Moreover, the book is not widely available or accessible in Poland, as it was published more than 70 years ago and has not been reprinted or reissued since then.
However, there are some ways to overcome these challenges and difficulties. Here are some tips and suggestions that may help you to read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in Polish:
Use a dictionary and a glossary: You may need to use a dictionary and a glossary to understand the meaning and pronunciation of some words and phrases in the book. You can use online dictionaries and glossaries, such as Wikisłownik or Słownik Języka Polskiego PWN, or offline ones, such as Słownik Języka Polskiego by Witold Doroszewski or Słownik Staropolski by Jan Tokarski.
Use a translator and a transliterator: You may need to use a translator and a transliterator to convert some words and sentences from the old spelling system to the modern one. You can use online tools and services, such as Google Translate or Translatica, or offline ones, such as Transkryptor by Michał Kozioł.
Use an annotation and a commentary: You may need to use an annotation and a commentary to explain and clarify some terms and references in the book. You can use online resources and websites, such as Wikipedia or Encyklopedia PWN, or offline ones, such as Encyklopedia Staropolska by Zygmunt Gloger or Encyklopedia Kultury Polskiej XX Wieku by Jerzy Starnawski.
Use a summary and a review: You may need to use a summary and a review to get an overview and an evaluation of the book. You can use online articles and blogs, such as this one by Piotr Kowalski or this one by Krzysztof Kowalczyk, or offline ones, such as this one by George G. Cameron or this one by A.T. Hatto.
How to Read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in Other Languages?
If you want to read Dzieje Imperium Perskiego in other languages, you may have more options and opportunities. The book has been translated into several languages, such as English, French, German, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, etc. You can find these translations in various libraries and bookstores around the world. You can also access some of them online or download them for free.
Here are some examples of translations of Dzieje Imperium Perskiego that you can find online or download for free:
English: History of the Persian Empire by Albert T. Olmstead (1948): https://archive.org/details/in.gov.ignca.11767
French: Histoire de l'empire perse by Albert T. Olmstead (1959): https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k33437q
German: Geschichte des persischen Reiches by Albert T. Olmstead (1959): https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783111407320/html
Russian: История Персидской империи by Альберт Олмстед (1960): https://www.e-reading.club/book.php?book=1007177
Turkish: Pers İmparatorluğu Tarihi by Albert T. Olmstead (1964): https://www.kitapyurdu.com/kitap/pers-imparatorlugu-tarihi/124.html
Arabic: تاريخ الإمبراطورية الفارسية by ألبرت تي أولمستيد (1971): https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/23405735
Persian: تاریخ امپراتوری ایران by آلبرت تی اولمستد (1974): https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/23405736
Dzieje Imperium Perskiego by Albert Olmstead is a classic and influential book that covers the history of the Persian Empire from its origins to its decline and fall. It is a comprehensive and detailed work that explores various themes and aspects of the Persian Empire, such as its origins, nature, relations, interactions, causes, consequences, impact, and legacy.
If you want to read this book, you have several ways to access and download it for free. You can use the website of the National Library of Poland, the Internet Archive, or a library card or membership. You can also read it in other languages, such as English, French, German, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, etc.
However, you may also face some challenges and difficulties when reading this book. You may need to use a dictionary, a glossary, a translator, a transliterator, an annotation, a commentary, a summary, or a review to understand and appreciate this book. You may also need to update and revise some information and opinions in this book according to the latest discoveries and developments in the field.
We hope that this article has given you a helpful overview of Dzieje Imperium Perskiego by Albert Olmstead. We also hope that you enjoy reading this book and learning more about the history and civilization of the Persian Empire. d282676c82